Who are they and what do they do? A political scientist studies the structure of political, social and economic systems, with a special interest in relations between individual elements of the system. To put it simply, s/he examines how society is managed, its forms, organisation and objectives.
What are the activities of the job? S/he also examines the history and programmes of various organisations, parties and social movements; relations between governmental institutions and social groups, as well as the contents and course of decision-making processes. S/he processes the historical and empirical results of surveys of individual political issues in this country (or countries) and compares them with solutions adopted in other countries. Within international politics s/he studies the historical, economic and social reasons for international conflicts, the position and role of states or state communities within the international system.
Where is it done and under what conditions? S/he finds job opportunities mainly in the field of research or as a university teacher. However, s/he may work in various areas of public and social life, for instance in the foreign service. Working conditions will usually be fairly comfortable, and office-based.
What tools/equipment do they use? Information technology, libraries. archives, historical and contemporary documents and records.
What do you need to succeed? You need to have completed university studies - especially at a faculty of arts or social sciences. The job of a political scientist is intellectually demanding. It requires advanced logical and critical thinking, excellent memory and ability to express oneself (both in verbal and written form), active command of at least one foreign language. Other important factors are social and interpersonal skills and the ability to present oneself in the public.