Who are they and what do they do?: The ethnographer does comparative research into aspects of (particularly) pre-industrial and non-Western traditional cultures and the current way of life of communities of all categories: social, ethnic, political, regional and geographic. The study of folklore forms a relatively independent part of ethnography, studying folk literature, dance and music. S/he may find job opportunities at research institutions, at universities with the relevant specialisation, at museums, public education establishments or various editorial offices.
What are the activities of the job? An ethnographer collects during his/her field work various products, artifacts of material culture (clothing, articles of everyday use), intellectual culture (folk literature, perception of the world, religious faith) and social culture (social relations, manners and customs). After the classification of the collected material s/he analyses it, and incorporates his/her findings into a broader intercultural and historical context, possibly seeking to elucidate general laws of cultural development or social behaviour.
Where is it done and under what conditions? An ethnographer works both indoors and outdoors. The field work involves frequent contact with other people and frequent travel.
What tools/equipment do they use? Writing tools, recording and photographic equipment, books and libraries.
What do you need to succeed? You need to have completed university studies at a university faculty of arts in the field of ethnography, ethnology, or possibly in combination with a language or another field of study. An ability to master languages quickly is helpful.